Lumla is located in the Tawang Dictrict of Arunachal Pradesh in Eastern India. Arucnachal Prades means “land of the dawn-lit mountains”. It is the eight least populous district in India. Tawang district had according to the 2011 census 49,950 people. The Tawang area has a population density of 23 per square kilometer. The altitude of the district ranges from 3.500 feet (1100 meter) to 22.500 feet (7000 meter). The largest town is Tawang town  with 20,000 ps.

One can reach Tawang via  Guwahati and Tezpur in Assam (daily flights from Delhi). From Guwahati it takes about 13 hours to reach Tawang by road, and from Tezpur 10 hours. One has to pas the beautifull Sela pass at a height of 14.000  feet (4300 meter)


The people who live in the district are Monpa (the dominant ehnic group), Takpa (a small  tribal group scattered in the East and the North) and Tibetans. The main religion is Tibetan Buddism. The people there speak Mon dialect, which is quite close to Tibetan or Bodi language. When they do prayers or study buddhism they have to study in Tibetan.


The main source of income is agriculture. They grow crops like rice, maize, millet. potato and several different types of vegetables. The people also keep domestic animals like cows, yaks and goats. One of the most common foods is rotten cheese, which has a terrible smell but for them this is a very important food. They also eat chillies and other local vegetables.

They also do lots of labour works like road construction. You will find many women with children breaking stone for use in the roads.

Lumla is about 1 hour from Tawang town by road to the West. Lumla is a village which has a special status under the district of Tawang. The overall administration is controlled and guided by the deputy commissioner with his head quarter in Tawang. Under this administration Lumla has its own additional deputy commissioner who administrates the Lumla sub division. The Lumla district has direct borders with Bhutan and Tibet (China).

Please find a recent article in The Economist on Arunachal Pradesh: The Economist 12 10 2012

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